Without treatment, 15 percent of people affected by bipolar disorder or depression will commit suicide.

A mood is a prolonged emotion, such as elation or depression, which affects thoughts, feelings, and judgment.

Two Major Groups of Mood Disorders

1. Depression
Depression is a mood disorder that includes:

  • Major depression
  • Dysthymia, which also is referred to as chronic depression
  • A combination of the two, where major depression intermittently occurs for a person who struggles with chronic dysthymia (also called double depression)
  • Depression caused by medical or substance use disorders

2. Bipolar Disorder
Bipoloar disorder is a condition that is commonly referred to as manic depression and is characterized by extreme mood swings ranging from the “highs and lows” of mania to depression. This group includes bipolar I, bipolar II, cyclothymic disorders and mania caused by medical and substance use disorders.

Without treatment, 15 percent of people affected by bipolar disorder or depression will commit suicide. The risk increases if a person also struggles with a chemical addiction. With bipolar or depression treatment, the majority of those affected will fully recover.

Research confirms the effectiveness of bipolar and depression treatments in reducing the pain and suffering of depression. Successful treatments remove the symptoms and restore the person’s ability to cope with life.

Regardless of their cause, bipolar or depression treatment should be coordinated and integrated with addictions treatment.