Therapy is the most important aspect of borderline personality disorder treatment, as it is with most personality disorders.

Between 11 percent and 23 percent of Americans are affected with personality disorders, and 50 percent to 60 percent of those with a substance use disorder also have one or more personality disorders.

Personality disorders can have serious and debilitating effects in all areas of a person’s life:

  • Relationships with friends and family
  • In social situations
  • Problems with moods and emotional states
  • In staying clean and sober

Types of Personality Disorders

Types of personality disorders and their identifiers include:

Schizoid Personality Disorder

  • Difficulty forming or maintaining social relationships
  • Difficulty expressing a range of emotions
  • Being emotionally withdrawn, cold and keeping to oneself

Schizotypal Personality Disorder

  • Severe discomfort in social situations
  • Tending to be withdrawn and isolated
  • Exhibiting odd thoughts, speech and eccentric behavior

Paranoid Personality Disorder

  • Showing suspicion and distrust of others without reason
  • Believes that others are exploiting, harming, deceiving, or betraying them
  • Experiencing feelings of extreme jealousy
  • Expressing a limited range of emotions

Obsessive Personality Disorder

  • Behavior that is often preoccupied with perfectionism
  • The need to maintain a sense of control and orderliness
  • Difficulty expressing warm and tender emotions
  • Extremely detail-oriented
  • Overly concerned with rules, systems, and schedules
  • Indecisiveness

Narcissistic Personality Disorder

  • Having an inflated sense of self-importance
  • A need for a lot of attention
  • Exaggerated fantasies of success or power
  • Exploitive tendencies
  • Feeling more privileged than others
  • Being hypersensitive to the opinions of other

Histrionic Personality Disorder

  • Exaggerated or dramatic displays of emotion in everyday behavior
  • Seeking attention often through physical appearance or seductive behavior
  • Preferring to be the center of attention in a group
  • Sometimes appearing self-centered and demanding

Dependent personality Disorder

  • Showing a pattern of submissive and clinging behavior with a strong need to be taken care of
  • Trying to please or placate the “caretaker”
  • Difficulty making decisions
  • A fear of separation, rejection, or criticism
  • Poor self-confidence

Borderline Personality Disorder

  • A pattern of intense and unstable relationships
  • A poor self-image
  • Lack of control over moods and impulses
  • A deep fear of being abandoned

Avoidant Personality Disorder

  • Feelings of inadequacy
  • Hypersensitivity to being criticized
  • Withdrawing from or avoiding social situations
  • Low self-esteem
  • Seeing themselves as defective and unable to fit in

Antisocial Personality Disorder

  • A chronic pattern of taking advantage or infringing on the rights of others
  • A history of arrests
  • Job losses
  • Physical fights
  • Problems following social rules or laws
  • Lying and dishonesty without remorse

    Between 11 percent and 23 percent of Americans are affected with personality disorders, and 50 percent to 60 percent of those with a substance use disorder also have one or more personality disorders.

    Personality disorders can have serious and debilitating effects in all areas of a person’s life:

    • Relationships with friends and family
    • In social situations
    • Problems with moods and emotional states
    • In staying clean and sober

    Treatment for Personality Disorders

    Personality disorder treatment often involves treating one or several other conditions, such as anxiety, depression, eating or sleep disorders, while also considering the likelihood that more than one personality disorder may be present.

    Therapy is the most important aspect of borderline personality disorder treatment, as it is with most personality disorders. Medications are also often used in personality disorder treatment to stabilize moods or control anger, hostility or manage any associated disorders.